Possible To Make Type A Blood Universally Compatible: Researchers
A latest research by National Institutes of Health's Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland (US) might have found a way to convert type A blood into universal donors.
Until now, type A blood donors could only donate to people with type A or AB. Only people with type O blood were universal donors. But this new breakthrough could help more people become universal donors.
Blood is usually defined by sugar molecules on a person’s red blood cells. These molecules are known as antigens. When these antigens receive an incompatible blood, they attack it thinking of it as a foreign toxin. The blood ultimately kills itself to fight the incompatible blood.
Only type O blood lacks these antigens which makes it a universal donor. But scientists might able to change it.
This new research might help in meeting the demands of blood by people across the world. According to World Health Organization, 42 per cent of the world’s blood donations are done in high income countries.
This research can prove to be a major step in the history of science. However, it still requires a lot of research and experimentation.If this theory comes into practice, it could save millions of lives each year.
When the doctors are not able to find out a patient’s blood type, or if there is a shortage of the type they need, this research can prove to life-saving for the patients who require blood worldwide.
(FIT is now available on Telegram. To receive handpicked stories on topics you care about, subscribe us on Telegram)