Let’s breakdown what heart attacks are, how do they happen, to whom they can happen to, and what should you do to prevent it.
Let’s breakdown what heart attacks are, how do they happen, to whom they can happen to, and what should you do to prevent it.(Photo: iStock)
  • 1. What Is a Heart Attack?
  • 2. Symptoms of Heart Attack You Should Look Out For
  • 3. Can the Young and Healthy Suffer a Heart Attack Too?
  • 4. What Precautions Should You Take?
  • 5. How to Help Someone Having a Heart Attack
Heart Attack, The Two Words We All Fear, Explained

“It almost gave me a heart attack.” These last two words are synonymous with fear in our vocabulary. With 1.7 million lives lost to heart disease in India every year, it is the leading cause of death. The numbers include lives lost specifically to heart attacks.

A global study, published in The Lancet, claimed that the mortality of heart patients is the highest in Indians. In fact, Indians get a heart attack 8-10 years earlier than any other ethnic group. Doctors have repeatedly insisted that we, as Indians, are predisposed to heart disease.

So, let’s breakdown what heart attacks are, how they happen, to whom they can happen, and what should you do to prevent it.

  • 1. What Is a Heart Attack?

    Let’s go on a trip down biology class. One basic thing our heart muscle needs to survive is oxygen. A heart attack occurs, when the blood flow that brings oxygen to the heart muscle, is severely reduced or cut off completely.

    This happens because coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood flow can slowly become narrow from a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances.

    Too caught up to read? Listen to the story here:

    But what causes this build up? Your soda drinks, take-out food and evening oily samosas are to blame. Couple that with zero to little physical exercise and you’ve got the perfect recipe for heart disease.

    When the heart muscle is starved of oxygen and nutrients, it is called ischemia. When damage or death of part of the heart muscle occurs as a result of ischemia, it is called a heart attack.

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