Menstruation 101: here’s the biology of menstruation, and it includes nothing about morality or temples.
Menstruation 101: here’s the biology of menstruation, and it includes nothing about morality or temples.(Photo: Erum Gour/FIT)
  • 1. What is Menstruation?
  • 2. Menstruation for Dummies
  • 3. Time to Look at TSS
  • 4. Myths and Menstruation
  • 5. Pads, Tampons Et Al
Move Over, Temples, Nothing is ‘Morally Wrong’ with Menstruation

That time of the month, being down, the red brigade, chumming, cramps, stomach ache…so many euphemisms for ONE single word – menstruation. There, I said it, for all of you, MENSTRUATION. One more time – menstruation.

Take away the societal stigma attached to it, (think the most recent Sabarimala-Smriti Irani debacle) and it’s a very simple word. But what’s the biology of it? Well, while it may have nothing to do with moral ideas of ‘purity’ and desecration, the truth of it all is not that simple. In fact, the female reproductive system needs to be given its due credit for carrying out this complex biological process, month after month, and making it look like a breeze.

So, are you ready, boys and girls? Here goes.

  • 1. What is Menstruation?

    Menstruation 101: here’s the biology of menstruation, and it includes nothing about morality or temples.
    By roughly the 25th day, if there is no fertilisaiton, the egg begins to dissolve.
    (Photo: iStockphoto)

    Every month the ovaries of a female body that has reached puberty or sexual maturity prepares for pregnancy. In medical terms, this means the body preparing itself for the fertilisation of an egg in the uterus. By roughly the 25th day, if there is no fertilisaiton, the egg begins to dissolve. Following this, the shedding of the uteral lining becomes the monthly discharge of the female body. This discharge contains blood and tissue that finds an outlet through the cervix and the vagina.

    Dr Deepa Dewan, gynaecologist at Max Hospital, Delhi NCR, says that “in lay man’s terms, menstruation is a very normal, biological process that starts in the age group of 11-14 years and ends around 45-55 years.”

    Also Read : What Makes Female Sterilisation a Popular Method of Contraception?

    Here are some common facts about menstruation:

    • The menstrual cycle is monthly.
    • The first day of bleeding is the first day of the period, while the 30th day from then is the first day of your next period.
    • The duration of a cycle mostly varies from 3-5 days.
    • The blood is about 20 to 60 ml or about 4 to 12 teaspoons during the course of each cycle.
    • The end of the menstruation cycle, menopause occurs around the 55 years of age.
    • It’s important to not wear sanitary pads/tampons for more than a period of 4-8 hours, depending on the level of bleeding. If proper hygiene is not maintained, it might lead to the Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) which can be fatal.
PreviousNext

Follow our Her Health section for more stories.

Also Watch