1. What is Menstruation?
Every month the ovaries of a female body that has reached puberty or sexual maturity prepares for pregnancy. In medical terms, this means the body preparing itself for the fertilisation of an egg in the uterus. By roughly the 25th day, if there is no fertilisaiton, the egg begins to dissolve. Following this, the shedding of the uteral lining becomes the monthly discharge of the female body. This discharge contains blood and tissue that finds an outlet through the cervix and the vagina.
Dr Deepa Dewan, gynaecologist at Max Hospital, Delhi NCR, says that “in lay man’s terms, menstruation is a very normal, biological process that starts in the age group of 11-14 years and ends around 45-55 years.”
Here are some common facts about menstruation:
- The menstrual cycle is monthly.
- The first day of bleeding is the first day of the period, while the 30th day from then is the first day of your next period.
- The duration of a cycle mostly varies from 3-5 days.
- The blood is about 20 to 60 ml or about 4 to 12 teaspoons during the course of each cycle.
- The end of the menstruation cycle, menopause occurs around the 55 years of age.
- It’s important to not wear sanitary pads/tampons for more than a period of 4-8 hours, depending on the level of bleeding. If proper hygiene is not maintained, it might lead to the Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) which can be fatal.